Question Wording: Government Policy

Question wording for graphics on “Government Policy” page.  Note, question wording has altered slightly between some years.  Experiments have shown no significant different between results obtained with these different wordings.

Graph: Percent of Americans Who Believe That the U.S. Government Should Limit the Amount of Greenhouse Gas Emissions That U.S. Businesses Can Produce

Question wording: (2012, 2013, 2015, 2018) “As you may have heard, greenhouse gases are thought to cause global warming. In your opinion do you think the government should or should not limit the amount of greenhouse gasses that U.S. businesses put out?”; (Nov 2010) [random half of sample] “As you may have heard, greenhouse gases are thought to cause global warming. In your opinion do you think the government should or should not limit the amount of greenhouse gasses that U.S. businesses put out?”; (Nov 2010) [other half of sample] “Some people believe that the United States government should limit the amount of air pollution that U.S. businesses can produce. Other people believe that the government should not limit air pollution from U.S. businesses. What about you? Do you think the government should or should not limit air pollution from U.S. businesses?”; (Jun-2010) “Some people believe that the United States government should limit the amount of air pollution that U.S. businesses can produce. Other people believe that the government should not limit air pollution from U.S. businesses. What about you? Do you think the government should or should not limit air pollution from U.S. businesses?”; (2009) “Some people believe that the United States government should limit the amount of air pollution that U.S. businesses can produce. Other people believe that the government should not limit air pollution from U.S. businesses. What about you? Do you think the government should or should not limit air pollution from U.S. businesses?”

Graph: Percent of Americans Who Believe That The U.S. Government Should Either Require or Give Tax Breaks to Lower Greenhouse Gas Emissions From Power Plants
Graph: Percent of Americans who believe that the U.S. Government should either require or give tax breaks to construct more efficient cars
Graph: Percent of Americans who believe that the U.S. Government should require or give tax breaks to have more energy efficient buildings
Graph: Percent of Americans who believe that the U.S. Government should require or give tax breaks to develop more energy efficient appliances
Graph: Percent of Americans who believe that the U.S. Government should require or give tax breaks to businesses to construct electric vehicles

Question wording:
(2006-2011) “For the next items, please tell me for each one whether it’s something the government should require by law, encourage with tax breaks but not require, or stay out of entirely.”; (2013-2014) [ random half of sample] “For the next items, please tell me for each one whether it’s something the government should require by law to try to reduce future global warming, should encourage with tax breaks but not require, or stay out of entirely (random half of subsample will also include: “Each of these changes would increase the amount of money that you pay for things you buy.”); (2013-2014) [ other half of sample] “For the next items, please tell me for each one whether it’s something the government should require by law to try to reduce future global warming, should encourage with tax breaks but not require, or stay out of entirely. Each of these changes would increase the amount of money that you pay for things you buy.”; (2012) [random half of sample] “For the next items, please tell me for each one whether it’s something the government should require by law, encourage with tax breaks but not require, or stay out of entirely.”; (2012) [other half of sample] “For the next items, please tell me for each one whether it’s something the government should require by law, encourage with tax breaks but not require, or stay out of entirely. Each of these changes would increase the amount of money that you pay for things you buy.”; (2015) [random half of sample] “For the next items, please tell me for each one whether it’s something the government should require by law to try to reduce future global warming, should encourage with tax breaks but not require, or stay out of entirely. Each of these changes would increase the amount of money that you pay for things you buy.”; (2015, 2018) For the next items, please tell me for each one whether it’s something the government should require by law to try to reduce future global warming, should encourage with tax breaks but not require, or stay out of entirely. Each of these changes could increase the amount of money that you pay for things you buy.”

(2006-2018)
“Building cars that use less gasoline?
Building cars that run completely on electricity?
Building air conditioners, refrigerators, and other appliances that use less electricity?
Building new homes and offices that use less energy for heating and cooling?
Lowering the amount of greenhouse gases that power plants are allowed to release into the air?”

Graph: Percent of Americans who believe that the U.S. government should give companies tax breaks to produce electricity from water, wind, and solar power
Graph: Percent of Americans who believe that the U.S. government should give tax breaks to reduce air pollution from burning coal
Graph: Percent of Americans who believe that the U.S. government should give tax breaks to companies to build nuclear power plants
Graph: Percent of Americans who believe that the U.S. government should increase taxes on gasoline
Graph: Percent of Americans who believe that the U.S. Government should increase taxes on electricity

Question wording:
(2006-2011) [random half of sample] “For each of the following, please tell me whether you favor or oppose it as a way for the federal government doing it.”; (2006-2011)[other half of sample] “For each of the following, please tell me whether you favor or oppose it as a way for the federal government to try to reduce future global warming.”; (2012) [random half of sample] “For each of the following, please tell me whether you favor or oppose it as a way for the federal government to try to reduce future global warming.” [other half of sample] “For each of the following, please tell me whether you favor or oppose it as a way for the federal government to try to reduce future global warming. Each of these changes would increase the amount of money that you pay for things you buy.”; (2015, 2018) “For each of the following, please tell me whether you favor or oppose it as a way for the federal government to try to reduce future global warming. Each of these changes would increase the amount of money that you pay for things you buy.”

(2006-2018)
“Increasing taxes on electricity so people use less of it?
Increasing taxes on gasoline so people either drive less, or buy cars that use less gas?
Giving companies tax breaks to build nuclear power plants?
Giving companies tax breaks to produce more electricity from water, wind, and solar power?
Giving tax breaks to companies that burn coal to make electricity if they use new methods to reduce the air pollution being released from their smokestacks?”

Graph: Percent of Americans Who Think the Federal Government Should Require Companies to Pay Tax For Every Ton of Greenhouse Gasses They Emit 

Question wording: (2015) [random half of respondents] “Do you think the federal government should or should not require companies to pay a tax to the government for every ton of greenhouse gases the companies put out?”; (2015) [other half of respondents] “Do you think the federal government should or should not require companies to pay a tax to the government for every ton of greenhouse gases the companies put out? All this tax money would be given to all Americans equally by reducing the amount of income taxes they pay.”  (2018) Some companies burn fuels like oil, coal and natural gas, which produce greenhouse gases. Do you think the federal government should or should not tax these companies on the amount of greenhouse gases they put out?

Graph: Percent of Americans Who Think the Federal Government Should Require Companies to Pay Tax For Every Ton of Greenhouse Gasses They Emit From Imported Coal, Natural Gas and Oil

Question wording: (2015) [random half of respondents] “Do you think the federal government should or should not require companies to pay a tax to the government for every ton of greenhouse gases that will be put out by coal, natural gas, and oil the companies bring into the U.S. from other countries?”; (2015) [other half of respondents] “Do you think the federal government should or should not require companies to pay a tax to the government for every ton of greenhouse gases that will be put out by coal, natural gas, and oil the companies bring into the U.S. from other countries? All this tax money would be given to all Americans equally by reducing the amount of income taxes they pay.” (2018) How about if a company imports its oil, coal or natural gas from another country? Do you think the federal government should or should not tax these companies on the amount of greenhouse gases they put out using fuel from other countries?

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